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Study on Child Poverty and Child Well-Being in the EU

Aims | Policy context | Downloadables | Methodology | Conference | Follow up | Project details |


The general approach of the report was to carry out international benchmarking and country-level analysis in parallel. This required the simultaneous application of various methodological approaches. An extensive part of our work was based on analysis of microdata from various European-level micro-surveys of households and individuals. The most extensively used survey was the European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC). The European Labour Force Survey (LFS) was also extensively used. In order to provide an in-depth account of the basic trends of child poverty and child well-being, descriptive statistics were provided, as are the results of multivariate analyses (designed to show controlled relationships between variables). For most analyses, the results were summarised in synthetic tables to help in drawing general conclusions. To evaluate the possible impact of policies on child poverty rates and on the incidence of social transfers, we used EUROMOD.

The country-level analysis required in-depth knowledge of the key challenges, the features of local institutions and recent policy developments. For this assessment we had the help of an internationally renowned team of national experts with this knowledge to produce 11 country reports, which were at the core of the Study. Also, a description of policies in place and an evaluation of how these policies relate to the key challenges identified in the analytical part were provided for each Member State.

During our selection of a suitable and relevant set of indicators to monitor child poverty and well-being across the EU, we consulted a large number of research studies and prepared indicator fiches by collecting a great deal of data and carrying out extensive statistical analysis of these data, following the procedures developed by the Indicator Subgroup (ISG) of the Social Protection Committee of the European Commission. A draft paper was presented to the ISG on 28 October 2009. The authors benefited considerably from the exchange of views with ISG members at the meeting. In addition, child advocacy organisations were approached for their views on the potential merits and pitfalls of the indicators concerned. Most notably, discussions held at the Eurochild Annual Conference on 11–14 November 2009 proved very useful.

To discuss the methods, findings and suggestions of this report, a conference organised by the European Commission on 26 November 2009 brought together researchers, policy-makers, experts and representatives of organisations working in this area to discuss the results of the study. The comments and suggestions received (from a wide range of professionals, policy-makers and stakeholders) have been taken into account when drafting the final version of this report.