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TRKI Social Research Inc. is an independent, employee-owned research organisation that specialises in policy research in the fields of social policy and the social consequences of economic policies. This includes related data-collection, archiving and statistical activities. We recently increased our involvement in the areas of strategic market research and health policy analysis. In addition, we regularly contribute to basic research, in the areas of social stratification and inequality, and to the methodology of empirical social research.


GINI - Growing Inequalities' Impacts (2010-2013)

  • Name of client: DG Research, European Commission (Project Coordinator: University of Amsterdam)
  • Origin of funding: 7th Framework Programme
  • The core objective of GINI is to deliver important new answers to questions of great interest to European societies: What are the social, cultural and political impacts that increasing inequalities in income, wealth and education may have? For the answers, GINI combines an interdisciplinary analysis that draws on economics, sociology, political science and health studies, with improved methodologies, uniform measurement, wide country coverage, a clear policy dimension and broad dissemination. The project operates in a framework of policy-oriented debate and international comparisons across all EU countries (except Cyprus and Malta), the USA, Japan, Canada and Australia.

ENRI-East - Interplay of European, National and Regional Identities: nations between states along the new eastern borders of the European Union (2008-2011)

  • Name of client: DG Research, European Commission (Project Coordinator: Institut fr Hhere Studien, Center for Strategic Development)
  • Origin of funding: 7th Framework Programme
  • The main goal of the ENRI-East project is to develop an in-depth understanding of the ways in which the modern European identities and regional cultures are formed and how these are inter-communicated in the Eastern part of the European continent. The research focuses on nations and states on both sides of the new Eastern border of the EU. This includes the following countries within the border of the EU: Lithuania, Poland, Germany, Slovakia and Hungary and beyond: Russia, Belarus, Ukraine. The project employs both theoretical and empirical research tools. It starts with a critical review of literature on identities and verification of existing statistical and sociological data sets. As a next step, ENRI-East designs a series of sociological surveys that should bring new knowledge to the main research themes of the project.

ANCIEN - Assessing Needs of Care in European Nations (2009-2012)

  • Name of client: DG Research, European Commission (Project Coordinator: Centraal Planbureau, Hoofd Afdeling Zorg, Den Haag)
  • Origin of funding: 7th Framework Programme
  • The objectives of ANCIEN (Assessing Needs for Care In European Nations) are to review the LTC systems in EU member states, to assess the actual and future numbers of elderly care-dependent people in selected countries and to develop a methodology for comprehensive analysis of actual and future LTC needs and provisions across European countries, including the potential role of technology and policies on maintaining and improving quality. Performance indicators will be identified and relative performances of the different types of LTC systems assessed.

LLL2010 - Towards a Lifelong Learning Society in Europe: The Contribution of the Education System (2005-2010)

  • Name of client: DG Employment, Inclusion, Social Policy Aspects of Migration, Streamlining of Social Policies, Unit E/2
  • LLL2010 is being undertaken to identify the role of education systems in European countries in the implementation of the Lisbon strategy. The project focuses on the part the education system plays in making lifelong learning a reality, and on its role as a potential agency of social integration. The project aims to study the effect of relevant country-specific institutions and educational policies on the participation of adults in, and their access to, lifelong learning. This is approach was chosen because the educational system is viewed as being subject to multiple and multilevel influences, and as being part of a country-specific institutional package.

Study on Child Poverty (2008-2009)

  • Name of client: DG Research, European Commission (Project coordinator: Institute For International and Social Studies, Tallinn University - IISS)
  • Origin of funding: 6th Framework Programme
  • The study, which is conceived as a follow-up of the work carried out in 2007 by the Commission and the Member States and notably of the report on child poverty and child well-being prepared by the EU Task Force on child poverty and child well-being, aims at assisting the development of more coherent and integrated policies to combat child poverty and exclusion in Member States. The overarching aim of the research is the identification of a reduced set of indicators, which best reflect the multi-dimensional nature of child well-being.

European Observatory on the Social Situation - Network on Social Inclusion and Income Distribution (contract renewed three times (2004-present)

  • Name of client: DG Employment, Social and Demographic Analysis, Unit E/1
  • The network monitors and reports on trends in income distribution and social inclusion, i.e. the overall inclusiveness of European society. It monitors the situation regarding income and wealth, the impact of tax/benefit systems, the access to services, questions related to poverty and population groups particularly at risk of exclusion. TARKI is an active member of the network.

EUROMOD - Microsimulation tool for modelling the impact of policy measures (2009)

  • Name of client: University of Essex, Institute for Social and Economic Research
  • Origin of funding: DG Employment
  • EUROMOD is a multi-country Europe-wide tax-benefit model. It involves a team of researchers from all 15 (pre 2004) member states of the European Union as well as four of the New Member States. EUROMOD provides estimates of the distributional impact of changes to personal tax and transfer policy, with (a) the specification of policy changes, (b) the application of revenue constraints and (c) the evaluation of results - each taking place at either the national or the European Level. TARKI's role as the national modeller for Hungary has four tasks: (1) Building an input database based on EU-SILC; (2) Building policy systems for 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008; (3) Validation and incorporation into EUROMOD; and (4) Producing a country report documenting work done under Tasks 1-3.

Social Quality and the Changing Relationships between Work, Care and Welfare in Europe (WORKCARE) (coordinated by The University of Aberdeen, DG Research (2006-2009)

  • Name of client: DG Research (Project Coordinator: The School of Social Science, Edward Wright Building, University of Aberdeen)
  • Origin of funding: 7th Framework Programme
  • WORKCARE is a comparative research project that explores the relationships between (at the macro level) structural changes on the labour market, demography, and welfare and economic policies, and (at the micro level) changes in individual attitudes to work and care. The intention is for this project to go beyond the existing literature on individual attitudes and welfare regimes, and to integrate perspectives of gender and care into an analysis that encompasses Europe as a whole, including the new Member States. In order to do this, an analytical framework must be developed that takes account of the orientation, actions, capabilities and satisfaction of actors with the work and care systems as they construct a work-life balance.

HIDEMO - Development of a Statistical Model to Support Quantitative Healthcare Impact Assessments (2007-2008)

  • Name of client: National Office for Research and Technology, Hungary (NKTH)
  • HIDEMO's main aim is the development of a model that finds statistically valid relationships between output variables such as mortality, illness and the health care system's data on provision of services and explanatory variables such as demographic, economic, sociological, health attitudes and environmental data. With the help of the model built upon comprehensive, interdisciplinary knowledge, we can estimate the number of cases (illness and mortality) for a given area (region, national), as well as the effects of interventions internal and external to the health care sector on the population's health.

PENMICRO - Monitoring pension developments through micro socio economic instruments based on individual data sources (2008)

  • Name of client: DG Employment, Social Protection, Social Services, Unit E/4
  • The overarching aim of this ongoing project is to develop an analytical framework capable of capturing the relevant aspects of micro instruments Member States apply in modelling future developments in their pension schemes and the datasets behind them, and to apply this framework in describing and comparing the national approaches. The research team will carry out three main tasks: (1) Provide a description of the available modelling instruments and the datasets behind them for each Member State. (2) Describe the outcomes of these instruments (focusing mostly on Member States applying the most developed tools). (3) Provide an evaluation of similarities and differences between national models and approaches.

AIM - Adequacy and sustainability of old-age income maintenance (2005-2008)

  • Name of client: DG Research (Project Coordinator: Centre for European Policy Studies - CEPS)
  • Origin of funding: 6th Framework Programme
  • This project aims at providing a strengthened conceptual and scientific basis for assessing the capacity of European pension systems to deliver adequate old age income maintenance in a context of low fertility and steadily increasing life expectancy. The main focus is on the capacity of social security systems to contribute to preventing poverty among the old and elderly and more generally to enable persons to take all appropriate measures to ensure stable or "desired" distribution of income over the full life cycle. In addition it will explore and examine the capacity of pension systems to attain broad social objectives with respect to inter- and intra generational solidarity.

AHEAD - Ageing, Health Status and Determinants of Health (2004-2008)

  • Name of client: DG Research (Project Coordinator: Centre for European Policy Studies - CEPS)
  • Origin of funding: 6th Framework Programme
  • AHEAD was a three-year research project on the future evolution of health expenditure in the enlarged European Union. With the general goal of "Investigating into different key factors driving health care expenditures and in particular their interaction with particular reference to ageing", the Strategic Objectives of AHEAD were: (1) An assessment of pressures on health spending in the existing EU and in selected candidate countries, looking both at those arising directly from ageing and at those affected by changing incomes, social change and methods of expenditure control. (2) The development of models embedded in EXCEL spreadsheets for projecting future health spending. (3) Estimation of confidence limits for these projections.

TRKI Household Monitor (1998 - present; survey carried out every 2 years)

  • Name of client: Hungarian Prime Minister's Office (now the Ministry of Public Administration and Justice)
  • The Household Monitor, a TARKI initiative, is a cross-sectional household survey carried out every two years in Hungary. Its purpose is to provide a reliable assessment of the changes in the stratification of society and in social inequality. The survey focuses primarily on issues concerning the labour market and income, consumer attitudes, savings, economic expectations and economic behaviour, though changing social relations are also investigated. As a general rule, about 2,000 households are included in each survey, and interviews are conducted with every member of the household over the age of 16. As well as the personal interviews, one member with a thorough knowledge of the details of the household is asked to provide information on the household as a whole.

Household Lifecourse Survey Project (HV) (2006-2008)

  • Name of client: Agency for Research Fund Management and Research Exploitation (KPI) of the National Office for Research and Technology (NKTH), Hungary
  • The study involved locating the 2,500 households that took part in the initial wave of Hungarian Household Panel in 1992. The survey covers topics like demography, household composition, education, income and labour market changes. The applied panel methodology enables researchers, by examining individual and household lifecourses over longer periods, to analyse the effects of joining the European Union on households and the micro-level conditions of societal economic competitiveness.

SHARE Hungary 2009 - Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (2009-2011)

  • Name of client: DG Employment (Contact: Georg Fischer, Head of Unit, Social Protection, Social Services, Unit E/4
  • Origin of funding: DG Employment
  • The Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE) is a multidisciplinary and cross-national panel database of micro data on health, socio-economic status and social and family networks of more than 45,000 individuals aged 50 or over. SHARE is coordinated centrally at the Mannheim Research Institute for the Economics of Aging (MEA). It is harmonized with the U.S. Health and Retirement Study (HRS) and the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA). Data collected include health variables (e.g. self-reported health, health conditions, physical and cognitive functioning, health behaviour, use of health care facilities), bio-markers, psychological variables, economic variables and social support variables.

Pilot Media Project: Experts and research groups (2007-2008)

  • Name of client: EU Agency for Fundamental Rights
  • Origin of funding: EU Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA),Wien
  • Project had two main objectives: (1) To pilot methodology of data collection and analysis of media content on a national and international level in order to test and assess the suitability of the analytical tools and categories and the application of the methodology in different EU Member States and (2) To collect data and carry out (i) quantitative and (ii) qualitative data analysis regarding the representation of migrants, minorities and diversity issues in the press. TARKI was the technical coordinator. As such, TARKI coordinated the work carried out by the country research teams; supervised the quality, consistency and timeliness of their work; and drafted comparative reports on the basis of the country reports of the country research teams.

International Social Survey Programme (1990)

  • Name of client: The B.I. and Lucille Cohen Institute for Public Opinion Research, University of Tel Aviv, Israel
  • The International Social Survey Program (ISSP) is a continuing, annual program of cross-national collaboration. It brings together pre-existing, social science projects and coordinates research goals, thereby adding a cross-national perspective to the individual, national studies. Four institutes organized ISSP in 1984 and agreed to (1) jointly develop topical modules dealing with important areas of social science, (2) field the modules as a fifteen-minute supplement to the regular national surveys (or a special survey if necessary), (3) include an extensive common core of background variables, and 4) make the data available to the social science community as soon as possible.