TÁRKI projects categorised by research area
Social ReportingSocial Report
European Social Report
Social Situation Observatory
a biannual book series published by TARKI since 1990
editors: Rudolf Andorka, - Tamás Kolosi -István György Tóth - György Vukovich
"When it became a member of the European Union on 1st May 2004, Hungary embarked upon a new stage in the long process of transformation that had begun in the late 1980s with the change in the political system. The Social Report series, published biannually since 1990, has striven to provide detailed documentation on the various stages of the changes in Hungarian society. As the 2004 edition of the Social Report is being prepared for publication, the country is experiencing very particular political circumstances and is in a complex social and economic situation." - wrote the editors of Social Report 2004 in the introductory chapter.
Browse Social Reprints from Social Report 2004.
Order Social Report 2004
Previous English volumes, view tables of content:
Following editions in 1997, 1999 and 2001, this, our fourth collection of studies, presents and tracks changes in the social position of women and men in Hungary. The editors have sought to put gender differences and similarities, and a comparison between practices in Hungary and other EU countries, in the focus of the studies on society, the economy, family and public life. Our selection of studies also offers insights into the systematic and empirical research conducted in this field since the previous issue was published in 2001. (Editors' Introduction to Changing Roles)
Report on the Situation of Women and Men in Hungary 2005
Edited by: Ildikó Nagy, Marietta Pongrácz, István György Tóth
TÁRKI Social Research Institute
Work and Public Life
- Erzsébet Bukodi: Women's Labour Market Participation and Use of Working Time
- Beáta Nagy: Women in Management
- Gabriella Ilonszki: Women in Politics: The European Union and Hungary
- Marietta Pongrácz: Opinions on Gender Roles. Findings of an International Comparative Study
- Ferenc Kamarás: Family Formation and Child-Bearing in Europe. Questions and Question Marks
- Fruzsina Albert and Beáta Dávid: Men and Women in the Family as Reflected in a Two-Generational Study
Poverty, Social Problems
- András Gábos: Gender Differences in Poverty in an International Comparison: An Analysis of the Laeken Indicators
- Béla Janky: The Social Position and Fertility of Roma Women
- Irén Gödri: Men and Women at Various Stages of the Migration Process. Immigration to Hungary from a Gender Perspective
- Katalin Kovács: The Mortality and Health Status of Women
- Zsuzsanna Elekes: Gender Differences and Similarities in Drug Use
- Ildikó Nagy: Measuring the Global Gender Gap: An International Comparison
- Register of Researchers
Title of the Hungarian original: Szerepváltozások. Jelentés a nők és férfiak helyzetéről 2005
© TÁRKI, 2005
© Ifjúsági, Családügyi, Szociális és Esélyegyenlőségi Minisztérium, 2005
This book was published in English language with the support of the UNIFEM (United Nations Development Fund for Women, Central and Eastern Europe Regional Office, Bratislava).
Anna Babarczy (papers 6-12)
Tibor Radványi (Introduction, papers 1-5, Bibliography)
Ildikó Nagy (Register of Researchers)
Language Editor: Clive Liddiard-Maár
All rights reserved, including the right of reproduction in whole or in part in any form.
© TÁRKI Social Research Institute, 2006
© Ildikó Nagy, 2006
© Marietta Pongrácz, 2006
© István György Tóth, 2006
ISBN 963 7869 39 5
Cover Design: Péter Maczó
Typography: András Nyíri
European Social Report
Social Situation Observatory
TÁRKI is a member of a consortium that monitors and reports on trends in income distribution and social inclusion - i.e. on the overall inclusiveness of European society. It monitors the situation regarding income and wealth, the impact of the tax-benefit system, access to services, questions related to poverty, and population groups particularly at risk of exclusion. This involves examining the relationship between income and living standards and the extent to which the former, as usually defined and measured, determines the latter, and, accordingly, how far households and the people living in them are able to participate fully in society and avoid deprivation and exclusion. It also involves consideration of other factors that influence living standards and involvement in society, particularly the tax and benefit system in place in different countries, and other measures implemented by governments to provide social support, as well as access to employment, decent housing and so on. The report was produced for the EC Directorate-General for Employment, Social Affairs and Equal Opportunity in 2005-6. The work was co-ordinated by Applica (Belgium).
The key findings on Hungary were: 'Moreover, while, according to the [European Community Household Panel], there was a modest decline in the proportion of children with income below the poverty line in the EU15 as a whole between 1995 and 2001, the proportion appears to have increased in the few new Member States for which data are available (Poland, Hungary and the Czech Republic). In the EU15 generally, the increased age at which people tend to have children and, therefore, their higher level of income, seems to have moderated the risk of child poverty as well as a generally declining rates of unemployment, though in the UK, increased social transfers to families have been important.
"The number of older people of 65 and over with income below the poverty line varies across the EU by more still, from 4% in the Czech Republic and under 10% in France, Hungary and Poland to 30% in Spain, over 40% in Ireland and over 50% in Cyprus. The risk of poverty in old-age seems, in general, to be less in the new Member States than in the EU15, reflecting perhaps more of those in retirement living in households with people in work as well as relative pension levels. Experience varied over the second half of the 1990s, the poverty rate among the elderly rising in Ireland and Finland and declining in Germany and the UK" (cited from the Executive Summary
Final Report on Social Inclusion and Income Distribution from European Observatory site (external link, html). The analysis presented in this report was carried out by Terry Ward, Loredana Sementini, Nirina Rabemiafara and Hélène Calers (Applica, Brussels), Orsolya Lelkes and Mattia Makovec (European Centre for Social Welfare Policy and Research, Vienna), István Tóth, Péter Szivós, András Gábos and Márton Medgyesi (TÁRKI, Budapest) and Holly Sutherland and Horacio Levy (ISER, University of Essex).